Appendix VI




("The Dean Hoffman Tablet.")1


THIS uniquely important archaic inscription figured at p. 257 (Fig. 43), affords, through its explanatory Sumerian script, an additional key to the pre-historic Cup-mark script of Early Britain, etc.; and also attests the use of Cup-mark script by the Mors or Amorites, who are therein called Ari or "Ary-an." It, moreover, establishes still further the newly found fact that a large proportion of the words used by the Aryan Mors or Amorites, so early as about 4000 B.C., are radically identical in sound and meaning with common words in our modern English.

The inscription is engraved on the stone in horizontal parallel lines in panels, as is common in Sumerian inscriptions, and shows the direction and sequence in which it is to be read, and in which I have read it. My reading thus differs from that of Prof. Barton, who read it cross-wise, inverted on its left side, and interpreted the Cup-marks as mere numerals, and so considered it to be a votive record of the gift of "a field of clay" of certain "cubits" measurement to a temple of the Sun-god, though he admits that his interpretation, the only one, apparently, yet made, gives a somewhat involved reading that does not make very good sense.2 The form of this Sumerian writing is of the archaic type of about 4000 B.C., and this early date is confirmed by the word-signs being written erect, as in the very earliest documents.

My decipherment of the individual word-signs, made mainly through the sign values found by M. Thureati-Dangin,3 is in general agreement with their values as read by Prof. Barton, excepting one or two minor signs; but the sequence of the signs, as now read in their orthographic direction, make sentences entirely different from his, and make good sense throughout.

In order to establish my reading, given at p. 257, I here supply the recognized transliteration of the Sumerian writing in roman type, and underneath have placed the literal meaning in English, word for word, with references to the authorities for the same. And I have adhered to the separate paragraphs as marked in the lines of the inscription.

Literal Translation of Hoffman Tablet, Word for Word.

  1st line   TUR         GAL         KUD.
             Tomb    of the Girl     good.
             MES      XAL      USU        KI         DUG          QA.
             Master   hasten  the Under-  to (this)  jug     (of thy) cue!
                              ground Sun           (vessel) (or assembly)
             TU     TAS        SARU-TAS.
             Thou   Tas!    All-Perfect Tas!


1 In Library of General Theological Seminary, New York.
2 Jour. American Orient Soc. xxiii, 23, &c.                      3 T.R.C.




2nd line GID          ZAL          TUK          NIR-A       SARU.

         Caduceus     of Sol,    take up        O Lord      All-Perfect One.

         (-holder)    (Sun)


         NIN-A        MIS        TE           DA       TAS   XAL   WA.

          Nina      (by) the    uplifted in (thy)    O Tas hasten (thine) ear!

         princess  Wood(Cross)               hand.


         SIG         GI-BIL           SARU-A         TAS-A        ARI.

         The        of Bil's       O All-Perfect     Tas,  this Ari (lift up)!

         Sick-    Fire-Torch,                                   (Aryan)



3rd line ASSI1        XAL           GIN              GI.

         or ANSE2

         Horse(-man) hasten!   the faithful one   lift up!


         KHAT       AZAG-A      TAS-A      MAD   ER-AS     DU    SA

         Cut O Shining One,  O Tas!    the mud from her (in) mound within,


             SARU TAS.

             All-Perfect Tas!


         GID         ZAL       SARU         ES        TAX      BID.

         Caduceus of Sol!  All-Perfect(in) the house of Tax (let her) bide!

         (-holder)   (Sun)                            -the-Angel



It will be noticed that this pathetic prayer is to Tas-Mikal for Resurrection from the Dead by the Wood-Cross. And the Horse-man Tas implored as "Horse" is the Sun-horse figured on the Briton coins, and on the archaic Hittite seals, on pp. xv. and 410.

The strikingly Aryan character and radical identity of the majority of these Amorite Sumerian words with those still current in modern English are here tabulated. The references for their values in the standard Sumerian lexicons of Bruenow and Meissner are placed within brackets:--


   Gal = "girl," slang "gal" (Br. 10906)      A   = O! Ah! (M. 8964)
   Kud = "good" (3338, and 3340)              Tuk = "take" (10545; M.  7968)
   Mes = "mas-ter," "majes-ty " (5953)        Mis = "mace"-wood (
Br. 5699)
   Xal Khal, or Bulux = "gall-op,"            Sig = "sick" (11869)
     "celer-ity," "veloc-ity;" Sanskrit       Ari = "Ary-an," Eddic "Harri"
      Cal (78-79)                                 (M. 5328; BBW., 316)
   Dug = "jug," Akkad Kannu "a can,"          Khat= "cut" (Br. 5573, 5581)
   Qa, Akkad Qu = "cue" (1352, M.791)         Mad (or Mat) = "mud" or earth;
       (5891)                                     Indo-Pers. Mati (7386)
   Tu  = "thou" (Br. 10511 and 24)            Er  = "her" (M. 3719)
   Gid = Caduceus (7512)                      Es  = "house" (Br. 3814) Gothic
   Zal = "Sol," "Sol-an," Eddic "Sol,"            and Old Eng. "Hus."
     Shetland Sol-een "Sun" (7777)            Bid = "bide," "abide" (
Br. 6235)


We thus recover the actual Aryan words of this remotely ancient Amorite prayer, in series with those uttered by our Sun-worshipping Briton ancestors, in their prayers for Resurrection from the Dead in their Cup-mark inscriptions in prehistoric Britain about four or five thousand years ago.

1. P.S.L. 34, which closely agrees with Sanskrit Asva, and the "Aesv" of the Briton Horseman Coins; and see Hittite representations on pp. xv. and 410.
2 C.I.W.A, etc., in B.B.W. 211. Pinches reads the sign as Ansu "Ass," also "Horse" (M.D. 773), the word horse being originally of the ass tribe. The sign also reads IZ-SA or ISSA; cp.
Br. 4984.